Make a Single Copy for Teachers
A single copy of the following may be made by a teacher for scholarly research or use in teaching or class preparation:
- One chapter or 10% from a book (never the entire book)
- One article from a periodical or newspaper
- One short story, short essay or short poem
- A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical or newspaper.
Make Multiple Copies for Classroom Use
Multiple copies may be made by a teacher for classroom use or discussion; provided that:
- The copying meets the tests of brevity, spontaneity and cumulative. This means you must consider how much of a work you are copying and how many times you use a work in class.
- Copies are distributed for one semester only.
- Copies do not exceed more than one copy per student in the course.
- Each copy includes a notice of copyright.
Note: There are specific exceptions to creating multiple copies for classroom use that the copyright law prohibits:
- Copying shall not be used to create or to replace or substitute for anthologies, compilations or collective works.
- There shall be no copying of or from works intended to be “consumable” in the course of study or of teaching. These include workbooks, exercises, standardized tests, and test booklets and answer sheets.
- Copying shall not substitute for the purchase of books, publishers’ reprints or periodicals; be directed by higher authority; be repeated with respect to the same item by the same teacher from term to term.
- No charge shall be made to the student beyond the actual cost of the photocopying.
For additional information, please see the US Copyright Office’s Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians.
Showing a video/DVD in a face-to-face classroom setting is allowed under Fair Use, provided that:
- The teaching activities are conducted by a non-profit education institution
- The performance is in connection with face-to-face teaching activities.
- The performance takes place in a classroom or similar place devoted to instruction.
- The person responsible for the performance has no reason to believe that the videotape was unlawfully made.
- Refer to http://libguides.ala.org/copyright/video for more information on Classroom use of videos
- Streaming Video Reserves – AUS Library offers a service for Faculty to encode material to digital format for use in iLearn.
- In the case of taped broadcast television, they may be shown up to 45 days after the date of recording. After this period, off-air recordings must be erased or destroyed. (https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED232644)
Faculty may NOT:
- Make multiple copies of different works that could substitute for the purchase of books, publisher’s reprints, or periodicals.
- Copy the same works from semester to semester.
- Copy the same material for several different courses at the same or different institutions.
- Modify, distort, change, rearrange or recombine a print or a/v work for teaching. This is a violation of the creator’s moral rights.
- Make copies of workbooks. Students must purchase their own workbooks