Classroom Handouts

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The following best practices are based on U.S. Fair Use exceptions.

Faculty MAY make multiple copies for classroom use, provided that:

  • The amount copied is limited to:
    • One chapter or 10% from a book (never the entire book)
    • One article from an issue of a journal or newspaper
    • One short story, short essay or short poem
    • A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical or newspaper.
  • Copies are distributed for one semester only.
  • Copies do not exceed more than one copy per student in the course.
  • Each copy includes a full citation and notice of copyright. For example:

Marwick, A. & Boyd, D. (2011). To see and be seen: Celebrity practice on Twitter. In G. Dines, J. M. Humaz, B. Yousman & L. B. Yousman (Eds.) Gender, race, and class in media: A critical reader (5th ed., pp. 525-535). Sage.

This document is authorized for use only in Dr. Jo Smith’s PSY 100 class at the American University of Sharjah for the Fall 2022 semester.

Faculty MAY NOT (without copyright permission):

  • Distribute copies of the same works from semester to semester.
  • Distribute copies of the same material for several different courses at the same or different institutions.
  • Make multiple copies of different works that could substitute for the purchase of books, publisher’s reprints, periodicals, anthologies, compilations or collective works.
  • Modify, distort, change, rearrange or recombine a print or a/v work for teaching. This is a violation of the creator’s moral rights.
  • Make copies of works intended to be “consumable” in the course of study or of teaching. These include workbooks, exercises, standardized tests, and test booklets and answer sheets. Students must buy their own workbooks.
  • Charge the students beyond the actual cost of the photocopying.

For additional information, please see the US Copyright Office’s Reproduction of  Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians.