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- Make a single copy for instructors for scholarly research, or use in teaching or class preparation.
- One chapter or 10% from a book (never the entire book)
- One article from an issue of a journal or newspaper
- One short story, short essay or short poem
- A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical or newspaper.
- Make multiple copies for classroom use, provided that:
- The copying meets the tests of brevity, spontaneity and cumulative. This means you must consider how much of a work you are copying and how many times you use a work in class.
- Copies are distributed for one semester only.
- Copies do not exceed more than one copy per student in the course.
- Each copy includes a notice of copyright.
Faculty MAY NOT:
- Copy the same works from semester to semester.
- Copy the same material for several different courses at the same or different institutions.
- Make multiple copies of different works that could substitute for the purchase of books, publisher’s reprints, periodicals, anthologies, compilations or collective works.
- Modify, distort, change, rearrange or recombine a print or a/v work for teaching. This is a violation of the creator’s moral rights.
- Make copies of works intended to be “consumable” in the course of study or of teaching. These include workbooks, exercises, standardized tests, and test booklets and answer sheets. Students must buy their own workbooks.
- Charge the students beyond the actual cost of the photocopying.
For additional information, please see the US Copyright Office’s Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians.